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THE GAUHATI HIGH COURT

AIZAWL BENCH

Welcome to Gauhati High Court Aizawl Bench

Consequent upon the State of Mizoram Act, 1986, the Aizawl Bench of the Gauhati High Court was established on 5th July, 1990 as a permanent Bench of the Gauhati High Court with the Principal Seat at Guwahati. It was inaugurated by the then Chief Justice of India, Hon'ble Mr. Justice S. B. Mukherjee, in the presence of His Excellency the then Governor of Mizoram, Mr. Swaraj Kaushal, the then Hon'ble Chief Minister, Mr. Lal Thanhawla, and the then Chief Justice of the Gauhati High Court, Hon'ble Mr. Justice A. Raghuvir.

About Mizoram: The State of Mizoram is situated on the southern-most tip of the North-Eastern region of the Country. It is bordered by Bangladesh on the west and Myanmar on the east. It has an area of 21087 Sq Km and an international boundary that runs 630 Km. The Tropic of Cancer runs through the heart of Mizoram. The two sister States of Manipur and Assam border it on the northeast and Tripura lies to the northwest. Mizoram has a mountainous terrain with rivers separating steep hills and creating deep gorges between the ranges. The State has a pleasant climate both in summer and in winter. It rains heavily from May to September. Mizoram is a storehouse of natural beauty with endless varieties of flora and fauna. The Mizos are mainly cultivators and most of their festivals are associated with agriculture. They are fond of music and dance and have a strong community bonds. Most of the Mizos are Christians by religion. As it stands now in 2023, Mizoram has a literacy rate of 91.33 percent. Aizawl, the capital of Mizoram, is accessible by Air. The lone Airport is at Lengpui, a distance of about 32 Km from Aizawl. Mizoram is a border State, and with the East Bengal Regulations in force, an Inner-Line Permit is required for non-official visitors to the State.

The Aizawl Bench: The Aizawl Bench functions presently from Ainawn Veng, a distance of about 5 Km from the heart of Aizawl City. The new High Court Building is situated at the New Capital Complex, Khatla, Aizawl. Since separation of the judiciary in Mizoram in 2008, the High Court has been exercising superintendence over all the subordinate Courts and Tribunals in the State.

There are presently three Judicial Districts in Mizoram: Aizawl, Lunglei and Champhai. Aizawl Judicial District comprises of five administrative districts: Aizawl, Kolasib, Mamit, Serchhip and Saitual; Lunglei Judicial District comprises of four administrative districts: Lunglei, Lawngtlai, Siaha and Hnahthial; Champhai Judicial District comprises of two administrative districts: Champhai and Khawzawl. District Council Courts function as per the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution of India in three Autonomous District Councils: Lai, Mara and Chakma. Apart from its original jurisdiction, the Aizawl Bench exercises appellate jurisdiction over all the other Courts in Mizoram including the District Council Courts. The Mizos are peace loving and generally tend to settle disputes amicably. As on 31st July, 2023, there were a total of 6219 cases (3173 criminal and 3046 civil) pending in all the subordinate Courts in Mizoram.

The majority of the cases in Aizawl Bench are of a civil nature, particularly service matters. The total case pendency at present is 606 (of which 457 are civil cases). Details of the case pendency are at Annexure “A”.

Hon’ble the Chief Justice of Gauhati High Court has been pleased to station three Judges at Aizawl Bench, namely Hon’ble Mr. Justice Michael Zothankhuma, Hon’ble Mr. Justice Nelson Sailo and Hon’ble Mrs. Justice Marli Vankung. There are presently 100 officials including a Medical Officer engaged in the Registry.